It is erroneous to believe that a zoster can appear only after contact with a sick animal or person. Hair lichen is most often transmitted genetically, and under the influence of certain external factors it acquires a pronounced form.
Follicular keratosis, aka versicolor, is a disease affecting the mouth of the oily hair follicles. The exact causes of the development of the pathological process are unknown. Presumably the disease is genetically transmitted, and vitamin A deficiency plays a certain role.
Most often, the ringworm affects children's skin. With age, depriving symptoms become less noticeable, and by old age can disappear altogether.
For hairy lichen is characterized by the formation of a large number of follicular nodules covered with horny scales. Palpation of the damaged area is a sensation of the surface of the grater.
Note! Follicular keratosis is localized on the head and cheeks. On the body, foci of hair loss can be seen on the joints of the arms and legs.
The exact causes of lichen development are not established. There is an assumption that the disease can be transmitted genetically.
The following factors can intensify the development of follicular keratosis:
- insufficient body hygiene,
- disturbed diet, lack of vitamin A and trace elements in the body,
- sudden changes in ambient temperature
- weakening the body's defenses
- infectious skin lesions.
Types, forms and stages
There are several types of lichen edema:
- Pink versicolor - small skin lesions in the form of pink spots. With the development of the pathological process, foci begin to cause itching and flaking. Most often the occurrence of lichen of this type provokes prolonged hypothermia and reduced immunity.
- Ringworm - lesions are rounded, the hair in such areas is broken off (the effect of clipped grass is formed).
- Red - inflammation of the skin of the head, which is characterized by the appearance of small red rash and large white spots. Lichen runny most often causes balding.
- Ophthalmic (Devéergy's disease) - a rare form, most often occurs in children, on average and old age - only in some cases.
Hair lichen develops in several stages:
- Abortive - there is no clinical picture of pathology, very small white spots may appear.
- Erythematous edematous - allergic reaction is pronounced brightly, there is a slight peeling of the skin.
- Deep - subcutaneous nodes with a diameter of up to 3 mm are formed.
- Suppurative - a focal infection of the skin is joined by a bacterial infection that provokes the process of suppuration.
Symptoms and signs
The clinical picture of keratosis of the scalp manifested by the following symptoms:
- papular needle rash - the affected skin is like a grater to the touch, and outwardly - goose bumps,
- sensations of itching and burning,
- excessive dryness of the skin of the head,
- mild red rash,
- whitish spots on the scalp,
- broken hair on the affected areas.
Such symptoms may indicate the development of lichen edema. The doctor may confirm the diagnosis by a dermatologist or trichologist on the basis of the conducted research.
Important! Follicular keratosis requires immediate treatment. Otherwise, the problem may cause the development of a chronic form of the disease, the accession of a secondary bacterial infection, provoking an extensive inflammatory process in the deeper layers of the skin.
The scalp is covered with dry crusts, there is a fetid smell of rot, and the active process of hair loss begins.
Signs of follicular keratosis at the initial stage of development are similar to the clinical manifestations of other diseases of the scalp.
The most informative method of diagnosis is the examination of the affected area of the scalp using a Wood fluorescent lamp. With such illumination, depriving foci acquire a characteristic emerald green hue.
Also confirm the diagnosis of hairless, the doctor may based on the results instrumental studies and laboratory tests:
- complete blood count determines the development of the inflammatory process,
- blood test for eosinophils and immunoglobulin E,
- ultrasound examination of the skin - allows you to visually assess changes in the structure of the skin affected by the deprived,
- PCR analysis helps determine the presence of depriving viral pathogens,
- scraping damaged tissue followed by microscopic examination.
Eliminate hairless as quickly as possible under the condition of an integrated approach to treatment.
The deprivation process involves the use of the following methods:
- Drug therapy - taking antiviral and analgesic drugs.
- Physiotherapy - irradiation of the affected areas of the skin with simultaneous administration of Puvalen, Thigazon.
- Antibiotics shown in severe, progressive forms of lichen.
- Reception of vitamin complexes (Vitamin B12, C, A is especially important).
At the same time with traditional methods of treatment, you can use recipes of traditional medicine, the action of which is aimed at strengthening the positive result of drug therapy.
Prevent the occurrence of lichen edema and prevent the recurrence of the disease by observing simple rules for prevention:
- Carefully keep your skin and hair clean.
- Enrich the daily menu with vitamins and other healthy ingredients
- monitor your health and, if necessary, do not delay the visit to the doctor,
- practice outdoor activities, travel, sports.
The prognosis for the treatment of hair loss and the complete restoration of the scalp is favorable, subject to timely access to a doctor, strict adherence to all of its recommendations for treatment and prevention of follicular keratosis.
How to treat follicular keratosis.
Treatment of lichen planus.
Ways of infection and contributing factors
Ringworm of the scalp is transmitted to a healthy person from a sick person or animal in two ways:
- direct contact (touch, kiss, etc.),
- contact and household path (transmission of disease-causing fungi through household items - combs, towels, toys, etc.).
Microsporia develops gradually, therefore, in the first stages of a lesion, the patient may not immediately notice signs of the disease.
The following factors can provoke the occurrence of pathology:
- Violation of personal hygiene.
- Damage to the skin.
- Reduced immunity.
- Insufficient intake of vitamins, especially vitamin A.
- Various chronic diseases.
Lichen on the head is very often diagnosed in patients in the spring-autumn period of the year, when high humidity and low temperature prevail.
Ringworm in a person’s head can be superficial, chronic or deep.
What does a lichen on the head look like and with which diseases it is differentiated?
To establish an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination, to make a bacteriological examination of the scraping, which is taken from the inflamed area. Attention is also paid to hair follicles and skin scales. With ringworm, tests will surely show the presence of fungal spores.
When she has a ringworm, hair in the outbreak breaks off, hence the name of the disease
Informative method of diagnostics - illumination of the affected focus with Wood's fluorescent lamp. With such highlighting, the foci of microsporia become emerald green.
Note. Diagnosis helps to eliminate similar diseases and prescribe an effective treatment.
Differential diagnosis is carried out with diseases such as:
- Baldness and favus (if ringworm is located directly in the scalp).
- Candidiasis, acne, psoriasis, eczema, lichen planus (if the patient has a chronic course of the disease).
- Staphylococcal sycosis, iododerma and bromoderma, ostiofollikulit and phlegmon (if the patient has a deep form of ringworm).
As for symptoms, its intensity may vary depending on the stage of the disease, the depth of the lesion, the state of the immune system. Lichen on the head can occupy significant areas.
Symptoms of the disease depending on the type:
- Lichen scalp. Both children and adults can become infected with this infection. If you do not carry out timely treatment, it can lead to negative consequences and chronic development of the pathology, mostly this is observed in girls. Symptoms of depriving on the head:
- the formation of foci, which have the shape of a circle,
- hair loss in the inflamed area
- peeling of the skin,
- the formation of gray or white scales that may resemble dandruff,
- breaking the hair at the root,
- slight redness of the skin of the head,
- along the edges of the areas there may be bubbles, which then turn into yellow crusts.
Symptomatology depends on the type, but basically the lichen is accompanied by itching, staining, hair loss
Lime of the head does not cause inflammation of the skin, but in rare cases, patients may complain of minor itching.
Note. Any kind of lichen gives the patient considerable discomfort and leads to a deterioration of the aesthetic appearance.
- Chronic Ringworm. In most cases, it is diagnosed in patients of the older age group, the female half of the population, especially if the patient has previously suffered from a superficial form of the disease. Occurs due to impaired thyroid function, ovaries, vitamin deficiency and a weakened immune system. Symptoms of this type of depriving on the head:
- the location of lesions on the scalp, as well as on the skin without hair. Mainly observed on the occipital and temporal portions,
- increased fragility of the hair at the very root, as well as the formation of a spot of insignificant size at this place, which peels off, but the symptoms of the inflammatory process are completely absent.
Basically, the chronic form is accompanied only by the formation of spots with fuzzy contours and intense itching.
- Deep ringworm: infiltrative-suppurative. This species can only be infected by an animal.. Pathogens multiply directly in the hair, that is, in the follicles of the hair. The patient complains of an increase and pain in the lymph nodes, fever, allergies and general weakness. On the head large patches of red color are formed, of considerable size, uneven, with small tubercles. At the same time the patient is tormented by significant pain and excretion of purulent masses. After the inflammatory process subsides, crusts will appear in the center of the plaque, friable and brown. In the male half of the population, this species of lichen can also be localized on the mustache and beard.. The inflammatory process lasts no more than three months.
If you experience the first symptoms of depriving, you should consult a dermatologist.
Treatment of ringworm on the head takes a lot of time - at least one and a half months. The process will depend on many factors, but to a greater extent on the form of the disease and the intensity of the lesion.
The treatment of this pathology, which affects the scalp, is dealt with by an infectious disease specialist or dermatologist. Self-therapy in such a situation should be completely excluded.
Note. It is necessary to take into account the important fact that the lichen can pass on its own in boys during puberty.
What it looks like
Deprive a person on the head manifests itself in different ways, depending on the type of disease. All existing forms are fungal lesions: trichophytosis, ringworm, microsporia asbestos-like lesion. Together with the scalp, they can infect the nails, body, face. Deprive on the head looks like a spot, different in color from the rest of the skin, devoid of hair. It may be pale pink, yellow or red, inflamed or not, without ulcers. Deprive flakes, gradually increases in size, causes itching, discomfort.
Initially, the disease is mild, almost asymptomatic, so it may go unnoticed for a long time. The first signs of illness can be considered any, even minor external manifestations. If you find any foreign formations or changes on the skin, similar to the spot, you should immediately contact a dermatologist. It will help to distinguish the fungus from other possible diseases, such as psoriasis, baldness, candidiasis and others. The characteristic signs of lichen on the head include the following:
- pigmentation disorders: light or dark round spots on the scalp or other parts of the body,
- the appearance on the skin of any suspicious rash, herpes, crusts, scales,
- flaky elements on the scalp,
- broken hair in problem areas, their total loss around the spot,
- red inflamed contours of lichen spots, covering with crusts,
- in severe stages, swelling, compaction and suppuration of the spot may occur.
Causes of lichen patches can be different viruses, infections, several types of fungus. They are distinguished by the localization of lesions (on the head, nails, body), the clinical picture (itching, inflammation, dryness, foci), by the method of infection and pathogens. Lichen species on the head include: ringworm, pink and scaly. The first type is common, which often affects children after contact with sick animals. To identify the disease correctly, one must consider the characteristics of each species separately.
This type of lesion is known as trichophytosis or microsporia; it can be transmitted from animals, another person, through direct and indirect contact (towels, personal hygiene products, shreds of wool). However, the fungus does not multiply immediately: in 80% of cases it is washed off with soap and water after the first washing of hands and head. But there are risk factors for a person's ringworm to move to the next level: these are skin lesions - injuries, cuts, abrasions, wounds, reduced immunity as a result of illness or seasonal beriberi.
Ringworm parasitizes hair and skin. On the head, the fungus is manifested by noticeable pale spots - balding patches that are not inflamed, but cause physical and moral discomfort, a slight itch. The corporal appearance is characterized by red itchy foci, the skin around them is dry and flaky, covered with small bubbles, plaques, knots.
Multicolored or scaly versicolor - a consequence of a lesion of the epidermis with a yeast-like fungus that is not contagious, is activated by external and internal factors, and can proceed harmlessly. Spores of this fungus are on the body of almost everyone. The disease can occur after certain disruptions in the body, with hormonal disruptions, provokes its hot climate, sweating, prolonged exposure to the sun.
Deprive has the appearance of whitish, yellow, light or dark brown spots of various shapes and sizes, which can slightly peel off. The fungus got its name because of the wide color spectrum of these pigmentations. Pityriasis versicolor in the hair on the head has the same signs, but it appears extremely rarely, mostly only if the person is already bald before infection.
The origin of this species is not fully understood: it is a viral disease to which people are more susceptible during periods of weakened immunity. Pink lichen on the head appears in the form of round or oval foci, pale inside and bright pink on the rim. Foci can peel off, grow, and around them a small itchy rash appears over time. In most cases, this type of fungus can pass itself after a couple of months, but for the speedy treatment, use outdoor antifungal, antihistamines and vitamins to strengthen the immune system.
If you find symptoms of depriving you should immediately contact a dermatologist for a more accurate diagnosis of a variety of the disease. For treatment on the head using external antifungal agents, ointments of local action. Inside for the treatment of the disease can be administered antihistamine drugs, a complex of vitamins. Still spend different options for physiotherapy.
This form of the disease is determined by microscopic examination and examination under the Wood's lamp. In the treatment of ringworm in humans, the main role is played by antifungal medications and physiotherapy. During medication, you should regularly take a scraping for bacteriological analysis and be monitored by a doctor to determine the development of the disease and to guarantee its cure. Physical therapy can easily eliminate large lesions and alleviate common symptoms of the disease. The following fungal treatments are used:
- UV light irradiation.
Patients often worry about whether hair grows after ringworm and its treatment, but there is nothing to worry about: modern methods of therapy allow you to keep the hair roots intact, the head is not shaved and the hair grows back after recovery. Children may need a short haircut to eliminate all possible lesions left on the hair; adults do not shave.
Antifungal drugs - the most common method of treatment of all types of depriving. They are used for external use as ointments, balms, creams: Lamisil, salicylic, sulfuric ointment, glucocorticosteroids, various oils and alcohol talkers. To cure the disease, medication is prescribed inside as tablets: Griseofulvin, Ketoconazole, Itraconazole, Citrine and Erius - against itching and irritation. Apply a special shampoo from ringworm for a person, it contains glycerin, tar, active antifungal components, herbal extracts.
Lichen treatment in a child
If you have found the first signs of illness in your child, you need to contact a specialist as soon as possible for diagnosis and therapy. Treatment for lichen in children takes about one to two weeks, it passes easily, without difficulties and complications. During the course of the illness, the child may feel general weakness, nausea, fever, mild chills.
If the form of the fungus is contagious, it is necessary to isolate the patient for a while and observe the necessary rules of control: regularly carry out a complete disinfection of personal hygiene items, if necessary, hospitalize the child and limit contacts. The disease passes without a trace, if treated correctly and in a timely manner. Skin, hair becomes healthy, if in the future to take all measures to prevent the disease.
Treatment of folk remedies
At home, fungal diseases are treated with herbs and other improvised means. Traditional medicine knows many ways to treat depriving in the hair. Many of them are effective and widely used among supporters of unconventional methods, both separately and in combination, with drugs. Some treatment options for folk remedies are listed below:
- Compresses of tar: tar and fish oil are mixed in equal proportions, dipped in gauze solution, then the skin surface is easily treated. Suitable for all parts of the body. It is necessary to apply when observing the patient's reaction: in case of allergies, reddening and perceptible moisture of the skin, the compresses should be stopped and the more “dry” method should be chosen.
- Rubbing dark raisins in the affected area will also help get rid of the disease. Raisins need to be cut in half and wipe their skin.
- Processing garlic: well accelerates the course of therapy, returns the skin to its normal state. Garlic must be crushed, wrapped in cheesecloth, then applied to the affected areas, avoiding direct contact with the wound.
- Lemon lotions: rub lemon and garlic for 2 hours as a compress. Another way to use lemon is in its pure form: keep a minute on the skin, repeat 4 times a day.
- Salt: Apply on the ringworm with a finger dipped in saliva.
- Burdock root and birch charcoal: mix the pulp from the root with charcoal powder, first lubricate the lichen with garlic, then this mass. Hold for 15 minutes.
Prevention of depriving a person comes down mainly to maintaining the necessary personal hygiene. If possible, take a hot shower or bath every day, clean the body with a washcloth or brush, use body gels, shampoos, be sure to wash your hands before eating and after walking. Do not catch you will help such rules:
- thorough washing of hands after contact with street animals, which may be carriers of spores,
- caution in handling personal belongings that may contain different parts of the epidermis (combs, clothes, bedding, towels),
- you should regularly check your pets after walking, when they detect suspicious wounds, spots or alopecia on their skin, urgently take them to the vet,
- monitor the hygiene of children, educate them cleanly,
- take vitamins during dangerous periods for immunity, eat healthy food, play sports.
What looks like shingles on the head? Treatment of trichophytia
Trichophytosis, or ringworm, is a contagious disease characterized by the formation of scaly lesions on the scalp. Breaking off of hairs leads to bald patches. The purulent-serous content is separated from the elements. The progression of pathology is fraught with involvement in the process of extensive foci and increased hair loss, up to baldness.
Therefore, ringworm on the head must be treated promptly.
The causative agents of the disease are the fungi Trihofiton and Microsporum, carriers are people and animals. The incubation period of the development of the disease accounts for about a week. Children and patients with weak immunity often suffer from being deprived. Infection occurs by contact, when using someone else's combs and headgear.
How to understand that it was the lichen-like spots that appeared on the head?
The disease develops rapidly, so it is impossible to miss its first signs. Depending on the characteristics of the course of the zoster, it is classified as superficial and infiltrative-suppurative.
Children usually have a superficial form of pathology. A number of its signs are as follows:
- the formation on the skin of round well-defined spots,
- peeling elements in the central part,
- the focus of the hearth catchy red-pink roller,
- presence of alopecia islets with black dots from broken hairs.
The suppurative-infiltrative form is considered the most severe. In this course of the disease, the lichen plaque swells up considerably, thickens and expires with pus.
What looks like shingles on the head? In case of infection with a fungus of animal origin, the lesions grow to 10 cm in diameter. Spots are surrounded by a red border, and hair growing on their surface breaks off to 4 - 8 mm from the skin level. The covers themselves are covered with white scurf similar to flour.
The multiplicity of small lichen elements is observed with the defeat of the fungus, which belongs to the human parasites. The hair in such areas is very thin, the skin overgrown with scales and a thick layer of plaque. The integuments are itchy and flaky.
In the photo, the lichen on the head is shown in all its manifestations.
In children prone to allergies, versicolor can occur in erythematous edematous form. Due to severe itching and burning, the kids are naughty and worried, their sleep is disturbed. Along with these signs, parents notice the following deviations:
Erythematous edematous flow depriving inherent bright red foci with large bubbles and a weeping surface. Symptomatic due to leakage of the liquid component of blood through the thin walls of blood vessels. A dangerous complication is suppuration of lichen plots.
Topical treatment of trichophytia
For the treatment of lichen on the scalp developed special solutions that do not stain the hair and linen, and at the same time easily penetrate deep into the integument. So, for the treatment of foci on the head, the patient can use Yodditserin.
The drug, created from glycerin and iodine, accelerates the process of flaking flakes and healing spots. They sprinkle the napkin and apply for 20 minutes to the problem area.
Nitrofungin is an antifungal medicament; it is applied to affected areas three times a day until symptoms are completely eliminated. For the convenience of applying the drug is made a cotton swab.
Vokadin - a medicine made on the basis of iodine, has a detrimental effect on fungi and gives a bactericidal effect. To achieve positive dynamics, it must be applied from 4 to 6 weeks.
When deciding how to treat a lichen on the head, it is necessary to take into account the need for oral pills. An integrated approach ensures the complete expulsion of the parasite from the hair follicles. To this end, dermatologists prescribe Griseofulvin - antifungal antibiotic. Lamisil has a similar but more benign effect.
In case of hair lesions with the fungus Microsporum, weekly shaving of the head is recommended to facilitate therapy. Along with the drugs, the doctor may prescribe griseofulvinovye or epilinovy patches. They are placed on lichen pockets for 10 to 20 days. Along with the removal of velcro, the affected hair is very easily pulled out, but new strands grow in their place.
Preventive measures against ringworm are directed to the timely isolation and treatment of people and animals. During therapy, the doctor tries to eliminate the possibility of secondary infection, for which he makes recommendations regarding the disinfection of things and household accessories of the patient.
Unconventional ways to get rid of depriving
In the process of external drug therapy, it is useful to wash the foci with vinegar and tie up the problem area with dense tissue. It is also allowed to dilute garlic vinegar with a few drops of camphor oil and wash their scalp.
When the baby’s head on the head is worried, parents can cut the affected area with a slice of garlic.
The procedure is continued by treating the hearth with a mixture prepared from the juice of the plantain leaf and birch coal. The components are taken in equal shares. The recipe is also effective in the treatment of trichophytia in adults.
Homemade ointment against lichen prepared from 50 g of butter, ash 3 garlic heads and 200 ml of strong broth, cooked from sea fish. For rubbing the product is used daily for 3 times at regular intervals.
Phytotherapy of the scalp is carried out by collecting such herbs:
- greater celandine - 2 parts
- a series of three-part - 4 parts,
- horsetail - 1 part.
2 tbsp. l The mixture is poured over 200 ml of boiling water, infused and passed through a strainer. The procedure of rubbing the infusion into the scalp is carried out 2 - 3 p. in Week.
Do not forget to coordinate any popular treatment with a dermatologist. The interest of both parties ensures quick and good results.
How to treat different types of lichen on the head
Deprive on your head. ... For most, even one name is extremely unpleasant, let alone the ailment itself. First of all, serious skin discomfort is caused by damage to the skin, accompanied by severe itching, burning sensation and, of course, psycho-emotional disorders! To know how to treat a zoster on the head, you will need to understand what types of it are, what symptoms each of them is accompanied by, methods of infection and methods of dealing with the disease. There are several main forms of pathology that can lead to the defeat of the scalp.
It is believed that inflammatory diseases of the scalp fungal nature affect only those people who do not follow the basic rules of hygiene. Unfortunately, this is not always true.
Therapy largely depends on the cause of the disease.
Depending on the factors that led to the defeat of the skin on the head, and select the treatment program that is most effective in a particular case:
- Multicolor versicolor. This pathology is diagnosed in people infected with the fungus Malassezia.
- Shingles asbestosis. It is very rare.
- Pink lichen. Refers to the most mild forms of pathology. It is caused either by a fungal infection or an allergy of the body to an external irritant.
- Ringworm. One of the most contagious. A person is transferred from a sick animal (dog or cat).
- Simple lichen. Accompanied by the appearance on the skin of pale spots due to the fungus that prevents the action of ultraviolet radiation.
Most often, the scalp affects ringworm, resulting in hair loss. Relatively rare species of lichen on the head - pink and shingles. The first one occurs mainly in countries with a hot climate, and the second develops against the background of persistent violations of the body's protective functions, as a rule, after suffering a serious illness (severe cold, surgery, injury).
Ringworm: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy
The only route of infection with this disease is contact. A person can pick up a fungus from a sick animal or other individual. Ringworm of the scalp is often diagnosed in children who have been in contact with sick cats or dogs. Certain factors increase the risk of infection, such as mechanical damage to the skin. Reduced immunity also contributes to the development of a fungal infection.
An infected family member poses a real danger to relatives. To protect against infection, special attention should be paid to personal hygiene and careful handling of a sick person. It is necessary to allocate for him a separate dish and other household items.
Diagnosis of lichen on the head is carried out according to specific symptoms. The most common of these is hair loss in one or more places. After some time, the skin in this area begins to peel off.
Hair loss becomes noticeable. Subsequently, the affected area becomes red, small bubbles may form. Dimensions depriving are different. At first, the spots are small, but without adequate treatment they can grow significantly. Often a person feels a strong itch. Combing the affected area, you can bring a bacterial infection by aggravating the course of the disease.
Of great importance is the differentiated methods of diagnosis, which allow us to distinguish lichen-like skin lesions from other pathologies. A visual examination is carried out by a dermatologist, who usually takes scrapes from the affected area for analysis.In this study, skin microscopes are examined under a microscope in order to identify fungal spores and accurately determine the pathogen. Depending on the infectious agent, treatment is selected.
How to cure lichen? With ringworm on the head, treatment should be comprehensive.
Of the drugs used:
- etiotropic medicines,
- drugs that stimulate the immune system
- antifungal agents.
It is very important to start treatment at an early stage, before the lesion has spread to other parts of the body.
Internal medication combined with local therapy, which is reduced to the use of special antifungal substances produced in the form of ointments or creams. They are applied to affected areas with light massaging movements, applications can be used. Hair on the head during the treatment period is better to shave.
Antifungal shower gels have high efficiency. If systemic lesions are observed, and the disease itself is severe, the internal intake of antimicrobial drugs is combined with immunocorrective therapy.
Important! How to treat lichen of one type or another, only the doctor should decide! Independent use of antifungal or other drugs can lead to a deterioration of the patient's condition!
The duration of such treatment is determined by the doctor individually for each patient. The average therapeutic course lasts about 2-3 weeks. To resort to the means of traditional medicine is not recommended, otherwise the disease may become neglected. During the entire period of treatment, periodic studies are conducted to assess the effectiveness of selected drugs.
Pink lichen: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy
The disease may be infectious or allergic in nature. In the first case, they can be infected by contact with an already ill person. High risk of picking up the fungus when using the personal belongings of the patient. The rapid spread of infection occurs on the background of reducing the body's defenses.
With the allergic nature of the disease, spots on the skin appear as a reaction of the body to any irritant. In this case, the sick person does not pose any danger to others.
The most susceptible pathologies are:
- persons with reduced immunity,
- patients with severe metabolic disorders,
- elderly people.
The first thing you notice when making a diagnosis is the presence of small rounded pink spots. Over time, there is an expansion of the affected areas, they begin to itch and peel. Most often, the skin on the abdomen and hands suffers, but the fungus can also develop on the head. The main difference from ringworm is that the pink spots have clear boundaries and never connect to one another.
Occasionally, the patient feels general malaise, in some cases there is subfebrile body temperature with an increase near the affected area of the lymph nodes.
When examining a patient, the doctor should first of all eliminate parapsoriasis and syphilis, which have similar symptoms, and determine if the hair grows in the affected area. Skin biopsy and serological tests are performed (Wasserman reaction). Based on the analysis obtained, the need for treatment is resolved.
As a rule, no specific treatment is required for lichen rosé, after a few weeks the disease resolves itself. In some cases, antihistamines are prescribed to eliminate itching. With a prolonged course of the disease, immunostimulating therapy may be prescribed. To speed up healing, it is recommended that patients take vitamins and review their diet.
From the menu should be excluded spicy and salty foods, sweet. You will need to limit the intake of citrus and nuts. In no case can you scratch pink spots, otherwise a bacterial infection can be added to the scratches, which will cause skin inflammation and make treatment more difficult.
It is extremely rare, leads to gluing hair and gradual loss. The exact cause of the disease is unknown. Diagnosed most often in children or adolescents.
Foci for depriving of this type are located mainly on the forehead or crown, do not have clear boundaries, resemble shapeless spots. The skin is inflamed and swollen. Horny skin particles cover the hair, forming a colorless film. Follicles no longer normally supplied with blood, inflamed. The patient feels a constant itch.
In order to properly diagnose asbestos lichen in a person, a comprehensive examination is scheduled. It is necessary to exclude the presence of eczema, seborrhea or psoriasis.
The patient should be examined by the following specialists:
A skin biopsy is required. Exfoliating particles are checked for fungi.
Treatment of lichen on the head is carried out mainly with tonic preparations in order to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. Salicylic or sulfur tar tar ointment is used as a local remedy.
Inside they take purified sulfur and vitamins of group B. If a fungal infection is detected during the diagnosis process, anti-mycotic ointments, for example, Clotrimazole, are fought with it, it is better to shave your head.
The tool is applied to the scalp, pre-cleared of flaky particles. To wash the ointment can be used conventional washing gel. Doctors still do not know exactly how to treat the lichen of this type; it is only reassuring that even without therapy, it eventually passes by itself. The course of this disease is usually long, so the patient should be patient.
Deprive in children on the head: causes, symptoms, treatment
A common disease in children of preschool and school age is deprive.
There are many types of it. But more often signs of the disease can be found on the scalp. This is the so-called ringworm.
Its treatment requires a long time and periodic monitoring. Therefore, it is important to know the main symptoms and causes of the disease, as well as possible treatment methods.
Causes of lichen on the head
There are several varieties of the disease. However, on the head in children, ringworm is a common type. It appears most often in the temporal and occipital parts of the head.
Its main cause is mushrooms (zooanthropophiles). They can be transmitted as a result of contact of a healthy person with a sick animal (a stray cat or dog).
You can become infected as a result of using the personal belongings of a sick person: hairpins, a hairbrush, a hat, a towel, bed linen.
Other developmental factors for child deprivation are:
- Weakened immune system
- Damage to the skin (wounds, scratches, abrasions)
- Stressful situations
- Skin diseases
- Frequent water contact
The disease requires mandatory treatment and control, otherwise it quickly turns into an epidemic.
The main symptoms of the disease
Ringworm can be distinguished from other skin diseases by a specialist. Therefore, the disease is easily confused with some pathologies, with the result that the patient, who decides to choose the medicine himself, can only aggravate the situation.
To avoid such consequences, at the first sign
Deprive is a common skin disease in children
disease should consult a doctor.
The main symptoms of lichen on the head include the appearance of round spots of pink-red color. Basically, they are covered with scales and be edematous species. The skin of the head is peeling. Perhaps the appearance of purulent-serous discharge on the spots.
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Depending on the extent of the lesion, these forms of ringworm are distinguished:
- Deep (defeat reaches large areas)
In a child, the affected areas of the skin itch, so children often scratch their heads. In some cases, bald spots appear as the hair gradually breaks down and begins to fall out.
Sometimes, in the case of a very weakened immune system, headache, hypertension can be observed.
Treatment of lichen in children by the traditional method
Means for the treatment of depriving the child’s head are selected by a pediatric dermatologist, taking into account the localization of the disease, the degree of skin lesions, and the individual characteristics of the body.
Usually for treatment prescribed drugs for external use and means for oral administration.
These drugs include:
- Antiseptic solutions. To treat stains on the head, use salicylic acid (3%) or iodine solution (5%). They are applied in the evening, before going to bed.
- Antifungal ointment for topical use. Lamisil, Mikoseptin, Tolnaftat, Nizoral, Clotrimazole may be prescribed for the treatment of lichen in children from the age of two years. Mikogel, Ketoconazole. Sulfur salicylic and sulfur tar tar ointment are also suitable. Drugs such as Vidal’s milk or Lassar’s pasta can also be ordered from pharmaceutical institutions. These tools effectively help get rid of ringworm on the head.
- Preparations for internal use. Used in the case of a chronic form of the disease. They are prescribed for the treatment of deep lesions that spread over large areas of skin. Children are usually credited with the drug Griseofulvin.
- Antihistamines. It is recommended to drink to reduce itching on the head.
With deep and chronic lichen, vitamin complexes are also prescribed (vitamins C and B), preparations for strengthening blood vessels and improving blood circulation, and immunostimulants.
For shampooing should be used in the composition
If you see signs of being deprived, you should immediately consult a doctor.
which includes tar. You can use special shampoos, for example, Nizoral, Betadine. For a greater therapeutic effect on lichen on the head, it is recommended to remove hair from damaged areas.
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It is important to note that the treatment of this type of lichen can last several months. Therefore, you need to adhere to all the requirements of a specialist to cope with it faster.
Folk remedies for the treatment of disease
Methods of traditional medicine are effective in the case of complex treatment, therefore, the possibility of their use should be consulted with a pediatric dermatologist.
An effective aid in lichen on the head is considered to be a tincture based on chamomile and propolis.
Damaged skin can be smeared with decoctions of such medicinal plants:
It helps well to apply to the affected area a mixture of rhizomes of burdock, birch coal and a small amount of garlic juice. Another popular method is the lubrication of problem areas with raisins of dark varieties.
The effective method is also the imposition of compresses of cranberry juice.
You can make a healing ointment at home from a decoction of hop cones and calendula flowers mixed with vaseline in a 1: 2 ratio.
A variety of fungal infections
Deprive on the head cause Ascomycetes belonging to a separate kingdom of nature - Fungi, (Mycota, Mushrooms). The Arthroderm family unites the genera Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton. Ringworm on a child's head is trichophytosis and microsporia. Parasitic species feed on keratin in the composition of epidermal cells, hair, nails of humans and animals.
Pityrosporum and Malassezia fungi cause another form of lichen, scaly or multi-colored. They become the cause of seborrheic dermatitis. In this case, the fungi process the secret of the sebaceous glands and are located in the places of their greatest accumulation on the head and torso. Negative immune and hormonal changes increase the symptoms of lichen.
What looks like a shingles on a child's head:
- Spots in the form of a ring resembling a red bezel around the pink core, as in thematic photos. Without treatment, the area of infection increases, peeling increases, the formation of bubbles and crusts.
- Trichophytia is characterized by the presence of black patches in the area of spots - short broken hair at a height of up to 3 mm.
- Microsporia - versicolor, in which the height of broken hair is 6 mm.
- Pityriasis versicolor on the face rarely appears, foci in the form of small red-brown spots appear on the neck, chest, shoulders and back. After sun spots are light.
- Seborrheic dermatitis is manifested by desquamation, intense itching, and the appearance of red crusts on the head. The skin behind the ears, around the eyebrows and eyelashes is affected.
Lichen is transmitted through direct contact with the skin of an infected person. The causative agents of ringworm persist on objects and surfaces that have been touched by sick people or animals. Children often become infected from cats and dogs.
Factors contributing to defeat deprive:
- endocrine diseases
- antibiotic treatment
- reduced immunity
- chronic infections
- allergic reactions
- gastrointestinal tract diseases
- poor hygiene
The success of treatment depends largely on the number and size of foci of infection. A small patch of lichen on the head fades and decreases after 5–6 days with regular application of an antifungal solution or cream.
The microsporum rusty parasitizes the scalp and hair, and has versicolor in children aged 5–14 years. The appearance of a sick child in a team leads to the fact that she begins with ringworm. Infection of children occurs as a result of direct contact, through objects, things, toys infected with fungus. The duration of the incubation period reaches 8 weeks.
Symptoms of depriving the head caused by a rusty microsporum:
- affected skin under hair or smooth skin,
- small dots merge into scaly pinkish-red spots,
- hair in the area of the spot on the head is broken off high, some remain,
- the fungus spreads to healthy areas of the skin beyond the hairline.
Signs of suppurative varieties of lichen in the hair on the head of a child:
- pathogens - dog and cat microsporums,
- there are large lichen spots that have a round or oval shape,
- the affected hair on the head is broken off at a height of up to 8 mm and surrounded by spores of the fungus,
- the skin is covered with gray scales and crusts,
- fever, inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Lichen smooth skin looks like red patches of the correct round or oval shape. The edges are clearly delineated and raised in the form of a roller. Healing begins from the center, so the stain depriving is like a ring. The study of foci under the lamp of Wood, as well as microscopic examination, with all forms of microsporia.
This type of lichen on the head affects the skin and hair. More often, children from 4 to 15 years old are ill, less often - babies. Spots have no clear boundaries, do not unite, reach 4 cm in diameter. Hair in the focus of infection is broken off at the very base. This type of lichen is usually cured on its own after the end of puberty.
What is the surface form of hair depriving a child:
- annular spots on the head,
- the affected area peels off
- bubbles and crusts appear,
- light area in the center of the spot,
- broken hair looks like black dots.
- foci spread throughout the scalp.
Deep trichophytosis is manifested by the accumulation of follicles that suppurate. The affected area resembles a honeycomb. Hair falls out on the head, there is a smell of mold. The products of the metabolism of fungi enter the bloodstream, cause intoxication and allergic reactions.
Principles of treatment for licking on the head at home
Therapy provides measures for influencing the infection and healing the child’s body. Before you treat the zoster on the child’s head, you should visit a dermatologist. The specialist will determine the species of the causative agent of the disease and prescribe drugs to which it is sensitive. As a rule, for the treatment of child deprivation, antifungal agents of local action are preferred.
- Shaving hair in the lesion on the head of a child - a nutrient medium for pathogens depriving.
- Applying to stains depriving tincture of iodine 5% in the morning, ointment or cream with antifungal action - in the evening.
- The use of compresses with an antiseptic solution with increased inflammation.
In severe cases, doctors prescribe antifungal drugs inside. Symptomatic treatment of depriving on the head will be required in order to quickly relieve the child from itching. It is necessary to help the endocrine system, immunity to resist the pathogens of ringworms.
Preventing child deprivation - recommendations to parents:
- To wash your hair with antifungal shampoos.
- Consume more products containing vitamins, sulfur, zinc.
- Do not use other people's things, towels.
- To treat lichen at pets.
- Do not play with stray animals.
It is necessary to wash the clothes and headgear of the patient in hot water. Toys and household items should be disinfected.
Antifungal agents for external use
Ketoconazole - the active ingredient of shampoo for the head and cream for external use, tablets for oral administration. The entire line of products is called Nizoral. Clotrimazole has a broad spectrum of activity against fungal infection. Included in the large group of drugs used externally for ringworm. May cause burning and itching of the skin, rash.
Drugs with clotrimazole for the treatment of depriving on the head:
- cream "Akriderm GK" - a combined tool,
- cream and spray "Kanesten",
- cream and Triderm ointment,
- cream "Amiklon".
Bifonazol has a broad spectrum of antifungal activity. Pathogens susceptible to it are Trichophyton, Microsporum, Epidermophyton, Malassezia, Candida. In Russia, the drug is released "Bifosin" on the basis of bifonazola in the form of powder, ointment, solution and spray for external use. The active ingredient penetrates the skin, its high concentration lasts for 2-3 days.
Apply the ointment or solution "Bifosin" for applying to the spots depriving once a day. The product is lightly rubbed into the skin. The liquid form is better suited for exacerbation, exudation. Then put the cream, and at the final stage use powder. The treatment of microsporia lasts 2 weeks, scaly depriving - up to 1 month. It is necessary to continue to apply "Bifosin" after the disappearance of spots depriving 1-2 weeks to prevent recurrence.
- Squeeze the peeled garlic cloves to make a gruel.
- Add some baby cream.
- Apply the product to the skin areas affected by the fungus.
- Leave on for 5 minutes, then rinse with water.
- Repeat this procedure daily until complete deprivation.
Application of jojoba oil and lavender
- Add in 1 tsp. jojoba oil one drop of lavender oil.
- Apply the mixture with a cotton swab on the lichen.
- Repeat this procedure regularly to relieve itching and inflammation of the skin.
Add essential oils - tea tree, lavender, geranium or calendula - to shampoo or hair balm before washing your hair. Useful in everyday life and to combat depriving the child of the beneficial qualities of aloe vera. Leaf juice has antifungal, moisturizing and anti-inflammatory effect. Aloe helps soothe the itching and remove redness of the skin.
Causes of hair loss
Despite the fact that the disease is mainly genetic, it does not mean that a person with this gene will necessarily suffer from depriving.
The disease often affects men at a young age, living in a tropical climate, people prone to increased perspiration. In addition, the following possible causes of this versicolor are highlighted:
- Infectious diseases,
- Disruption of the endocrine and nervous systems,
- Not assimilating vitamin A or its deficiency in the body,
- Non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene,
- Poor environmental conditions in the place of residence,
- Violation of barrier functions due to injuries
- Reduced immunity.
Lichen disease is not contagious, keratin (protein) which is contained in skin particles can clog the pore (hair follicle), due to which sebum cannot exit properly, which leads to the formation of acne, i.e. fungi or infections are not relevant to the occurrence of lichen.
Active development of the disease occurs in the warm season. Inflammation occurs in the deep layers of the epidermis.
Varieties of hair lichen
In addition to the main type, there are other lichen that can affect the skin with hair, these include - lichen red, lichen pink (Gibera), ringworm.
- Red lichen is often an autoimmune reaction of the body, due to the use of drugs, or due to the presence of diseases such as hepatitis C.
- Pink lichen is one of the manifestations of an allergic reaction of the body, this species is not contagious, but there are registered cases of the defeat of Gibér's disease - the whole family.
- Ringworm - an infectious disease caused by fungi. The disease is contagious.
Hair lichen symptoms
Dewergy's disease (lichen) is characterized by the appearance of multiple nodules, outwardly the rash resembles acne, the color is almost the same as healthy skin, sometimes reddening is observed. Sometimes it can cause a slight itch that does not bring much discomfort to the person.
With the course of the disease, the rash becomes covered with scales of a light shade, it can merge, affecting large areas of the skin, forming plaques - they become yellowish sometimes scarlet. The general condition of a person remains unchanged.
Lichen planus, localized on the head - looks like a homogeneous rash, scarlet hue, with a shiny surface, causing severe itching. The rash can take several forms - ring-shaped or linear.
After the rash has passed, there may be pigmentation at the site of the former lesions - that is, a change in skin color, with time the skin color becomes uniform.
Pink lichen, which is manifested on the head, is considered to be an atypical form of the disease. Characterized by the formation of pink spots, hair loss in the lesions is not observed. Sometimes there are not pleasant sensations in places of defeat in the form of itching and burning.
Ringworm - is characterized by hair loss on the affected areas of the skin, which gave the basis to the name. The lesions have round spots of light shade, the skin flakes in these places, sometimes a small rash can form, giving the skin a yellowish tint, causing severe itching.
Deprive affects the skin with the scalp has several types, and therefore different symptoms, but the main danger is that the symptoms of many types of depriving are similar to other skin diseases, therefore it is very important to diagnose that the disease does not become chronic and does not cause negative consequences further.
Hair lichen treatment
Hair deprivation treatment will depend on its type, it is impossible to determine this or that disease independently, due to the similarity of symptoms, sometimes the symptoms are completely atypical, it depends on the level of immunity. Therefore, the most important thing is to visit a specialist, mostly a doctor - a dermatologist.
Often it is enough for an experienced specialist to conduct a routine inspection, but to confirm the diagnosis, you can be assigned:
- Laboratory tests - a general analysis of blood and urine, to identify comorbidities that may cause the development of lichen,
- Scraping of rejected skin particles from the affected areas,
- Histological test - to exclude the presence of viruses or infections,
- Zheber's test - by means of an iodine,
- Translucence of the affected areas with Wood's lamp,
Also, the doctor may ask questions about the duration of symptoms, about their presence in other family members. Based on the survey, examination and analysis, the doctor can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the treatment that suits you.
Preventing hair loss
All diseases are easier to prevent, but by following the simple rules of prevention, you can contribute to a speedy recovery:
- Do not neglect the rules of personal hygiene, take a shower in a timely manner, do not use other people's personal hygiene products such as - comb, towel, sneakers,
- Do not use detergents with aggressive ingredients that can disrupt the body’s barrier functions,
- Avoid frequent injuries, and in the presence of wounds, treat them with antiseptic preparations,
- Use clothes made from natural fabrics,
- In the presence of allergies try to remove or replace the provoking factor,
- Improve immunity and maintain its functions,
- In the presence of acute or chronic diseases, treat them to the end,
- Do not abuse the solarium,
The duration of the disease varies from two months to a year, timely treatment, strict adherence to the doctor's instructions will speed recovery. To prevent recurrence, it is advisable to retake tests a couple of months after recovery, repeat the course of vitamin therapy.
Little about the problem
Pityriasis dermatosis is characterized by strong flaking and localization exclusively in the upper part of the body, usually on the head, without spreading down. Another name for this pathology is multi-colored, since it can have different shades. And in the people in general is called "solar fungus", due to the fact that most often appears in the summer.
The disease is caused by a lipophilic yeast-like fungus that can be on the skin for a long time, but only manifest itself under certain conditions. The risk group includes people of middle and young age, very rarely the disease appears in children (up to 10 years) or elderly people (after 65 years).
Pityriasis versicolor of the scalp is attributed to diseases of moderate infectiousness and cannot cause an inflammatory process. Affects only the upper layers of the epidermis. The incubation period is 1.5 months.
People at risk of being in the sun, frequent tanning beds and wearing synthetic clothing are also at risk.
Pityriasis of the scalp is often diagnosed in patients with immunodeficiency or in the presence of oncology. In adolescence, it can appear on the background of hormonal disruption during puberty. For the same reason, dermatosis can occur in a pregnant woman or in menopause.
If the lichen appeared in childhood and was not diagnosed and cured, then subjective sensations can accompany a person throughout life. Children are more susceptible to this disease if they live in a territory with a subtropical climate, in such countries it is diagnosed in 40% of cases. In a temperate climate, the incidence rate is only 2%.
To date, there are a number of factors that can cause activation of the yeast fungus, namely:
- genetic predisposition to different types of dermatitis and dermatosis,
- increased fat content of the skin,
- disturbances in the cornea,
- endocrine diseases, in particular diabetes,
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
- spring and autumn season
- diseases of the kidneys and liver, pancreas,
- chronic pathologies of the bronchopulmonary system,
- hormonal disorders,
- some diseases of the genitourinary system
- hyperhidrosis or chemical changes in the composition of sweat,
- menopause and pregnancy.
The following diseases can also be provoking factors: caries, tuberculosis, pyelonephritis or tonsillitis in a chronic form. In some cases, the disease develops against the background of a long depressive state and constant nervous overstrain. Some medications that are taken uncontrollably, in particular antibacterial and hormonal agents, can be provocateurs.
Due to the fact that one of the factors activating the fungus - hyperhidrosis, most often this type of lesion occurs in men.
Causes of the disease in children
The causes of dermatosis in children are the same as in adults. In particular, it is excessive sweating and stressful situations, mental overstrain and protracted viral diseases. It may also be due to lack of personal hygiene or incorrectly chosen antibacterial agents.
Where and how can you get infected?
Pityriasis versicolor on the head is a low-contagious disease, so the fungus can be activated by failure to comply with hygiene standards. In particular, you can not use the bath accessories after a sick person, wear hats after him. There is a small risk of infection in the pool or bath, sauna, if there is direct contact with the person who has activated the fungus, or his personal belongings. There are no other ways of infection with dermatosis.
How it all begins
Symptoms of pityriasis versicolor on the head in humans are characterized by the appearance of asymmetrical spots with uneven edges. They can be brown, pink or yellow. At the beginning of the development of the disease, they have a small size, over time merge into a single large hearth. Then the affected area begins to peel off, scales appear. The infected part of the skin does not tan in the sun. In the area of finding deprived skin itches constantly.
Depending on the time of year, the shade changes, in winter it is darker, even dark brown, and brightens in the summer under the influence of ultraviolet rays.
In children, the average incubation period lasts from 1 to 3 weeks, but can reach several months. The period of development of the disease depends entirely on the immunity of the baby. At an early age, between 1 and 3 years, the symptoms of a fungus can appear several days after infection.
Manifestations of dermatosis are the same as in adults: small spots first appear, then they grow and merge, flake and itch.
Diagnosis of pityriasis lichen on the head and other parts of the body is carried out with the help of Balzer's iodine test. The essence of the technique is that the affected area is smeared with iodine. After the solution is absorbed, the places where there is a fungus, immediately appear, standing out against the background of a dark brown color. Iodine solution can be replaced by aniline dyes.
When examining the material after scraping through a microscope, filaments of the fungus are clearly visible, which are localized in large groups and have a rounded shape.
It is also possible to determine the multi-colored lichen on the head with the help of a mercury-quartz lamp, when illuminated, the places affected by the fungus are colored in a brown or reddish-yellow hue. The diagnostic procedure is carried out in complete darkness.
There is another technique - the phenomenon of "chips". If in the affected area gently scrape the spot, then loosening of the stratum corneum and flaking of scales will be observed.
Diagnostic measures in pediatrics are the same as in the case of adult disease.
How to get rid of fungus
Treatment of pityriasis lichen on the head does not imply stay in the hospital. Therapy mainly consists of the use of external preparations and tablets.
How to cure pityriasis versicolor quickly? Along with the chemical preparations taken by mouth, by external means, you should always adjust your diet. If there is a suspicion that the disease arose against the background of a stressful situation or problems with the gastrointestinal tract, then they should be eliminated. This applies to any problem that has become a provocateur appearing deprived. In addition, if you get rid of the provocateur, the probability of relapse is reduced to almost zero.
External therapy involves the use of special creams and ointments, which are applied to the affected areas of the skin. The group of medicines for dermatosis includes drugs with the following active ingredients:
- ketoconazole and others.
If we are talking about the localization of the fungus on the scalp, then the Nizoral shampoo is used. Its price is rather big (from 600 rubles), but the efficiency is at a fairly high level. The active ingredient in the shampoo "Nizoral" - ketoconazole.
Use shampoo will have daily for two or more weeks, depending on the result achieved. After peeling disappears, the use of shampoo should be discontinued so as not to harm the skin and hair.
In childhood, shampoo is used only for 5 days. In the future, you can use it as a prophylactic agent, 3 days in a row, one wash each. It is best to carry out preventive measures before the onset of the summer season.
Nizoral is also available in pill and cream form.
You can use other shampoos and lotions, as long as they contain antifungal components, for example sodium thiosulfate, ketoconazole or selenium sulfide.
The main positive feature of these products is that the components are not absorbed into the blood.
This is a well-known tool that helps to cope with fungal diseases. For treatment of pityriasis lichen on the head of a child or an adult, Clotrimazole ointment can be used. In addition, lotion and cream with this active ingredient is produced. There is a drug in pill form.
The ointment is used twice a day, but it should be applied very carefully to the skin, especially on the head, so that it does not fall on healthy skin. As a rule, there are no side effects after using an ointment or cream. However, if there is a burning sensation or redness, it is better to abandon the further use of the tool and consult a doctor to find another.
It should be noted that clotrimazole is also not absorbed into the blood through the skin, but the use of products with its content during the period of gestation is not recommended.
This drug has an active ingredient - terbinafine. Available not only in the form of a spray and ointment, but also in tablet form. Most often it is included in complex therapy, for example, tablets are drunk at the same time and an ointment is applied on infected skin.
The pills against chiriformis in a person with the active ingredient terbinafine should not be used to treat children under 2 years of age. In other cases, the course of therapy is 14 days. There is no information about the negative impact on the state of the pregnant woman and the fetus during the period of using “Fungerbin”, however consultation with a doctor is recommended. And another feature of this drug: you can not interrupt the course of treatment, even if the symptoms have almost completely disappeared.
The drug "Mykozoral"
The drug is based on ketoconazole. However, in comparison with Nizoral, the price of shampoo and other forms of release is lower. When using the remedy, a sufficiently rapid disappearance of the symptoms is observed, however, the course of treatment must be completed completely, as recommended by the doctor, so that there will be no recurrence later on. Available in the form of shampoo, ointment and tablets.
The drug is not used to treat pregnant women. In addition, if the course of treatment involves the use of other drugs, their reception should be extended in time, that is, "Mycozoral" is used in the morning, and the other drug - in the evening, or vice versa.
In some cases, traditional and widespread therapy does not help to get rid of dermatosis, does not help ointment from chives, creams and lotions. In such cases, pills are prescribed, in particular “Rumikoz”, with the active ingredient itraconozole. However, this medicine cannot be used without a prescription, as it has a huge number of contraindications. The duration of treatment can not exceed 7 days, the drug is not used in pediatrics. It can not be taken during lactation and during pregnancy.
Treatment of pediatric dermatosis
In the treatment of children from pityriasis versicolor on the head, only sparing techniques and preparations are used, the doses are carefully checked and medications are selected. Therefore, when it comes to a child, no speech can be about self-treatment. Moreover, the more the treatment process is tightened, the greater the risk that other infections will join the existing problem, since it is rather difficult to keep the child from scratching the affected place.
The tactics of treatment is almost the same as in the treatment of adult patients. First of all, creams and ointments are prescribed, and only with poor results - tablets.
Most often in children's treatment is used "Sertaconazole", "Bifonazole", that is, imidazole derivatives.
Homeopathy and Herbal Medicine
If there is an intolerance to pharmaceutical ointments for chirimasis, other means of traditional medicine, then you can use homeopathic remedies. First of all, this capsule "Psoril". This medicine has a complex composition, which includes graphite, potassium bromide, goldenrod, smoke. Along with the capsule form, there is an ointment in which, in addition to the components described, there is an oil of violet, elderberry, rosemary, and milk thistle. These oils have an antibacterial effect, promote healing of the affected skin, relieve irritation.
Lichen can also be treated with the help of the well-known ointment of Vishnevsky and Konkov. You can also use tinctures of propolis, celandine and calendula, which wipe the place where there are depriving stains.
Alternative Medicine Recipes
Pityriasis versicolor on the head is amenable to treatment with folk remedies. One of the easiest recipes: mix sorrel, which is carefully crushed, with sour cream. The proportion should be 1: 1. With this composition, compresses are made on infected skin areas.
A good tool can be made from the rue (grass) mixed with butter, the proportion in this case is 1: 5. The resulting composition also lubricates the infected places on the head.
Handle the place of depriving you can juice from onions. It is also suitable for St. John's Wort, which is finely chopped and mixed with petroleum jelly.
Additional methods of getting rid of the fungus
Persons who have pityriasis versicolor are recommended to sunbathe more often. Ultraviolet rays reduce the activity of bacteria.
During the treatment period, wet cleaning should be carried out daily in the room where the patient is located. In addition, it is necessary to use disinfectants.
It is recommended to change clothes every day, preferably bed linen. Wash should be carried out at a high temperature: from 95 to 100 degrees. After drying, linen and clothes are recommended to iron.
In order not to become a victim of chiriform deprivation, first of all, it is not recommended to wear things and hats of strangers. If possible, it is better to avoid sudden temperature changes, regularly wash your hair and body. It is better to abandon synthetic clothing, and even more so headgear made of non-natural materials.
Hardening and strengthening of the body's immune forces act as a prophylactic agent. You should also follow the diet of your diet, it should be rational and fortified.
In order to prevent re-infection, you should strictly follow the hygienic rules. If there is hyperhidrosis, then measures should be taken to eliminate it. In the spring, when all chronic diseases are exacerbated, it is recommended to wipe the places where I had once been deprived with salicylic alcohol solution (2%). You can also use Nizoral shampoo as a prophylactic agent. And of course, be sure to refuse contact with an infected person until he is completely cured.
Despite the fairly simple treatment of chirimatitis, the disease should not be allowed to drift or independently prescribe drugs.