Would you like healthy and elegant hair with a natural shine? It is not difficult if you know the type of your hair in order to find the right care for them. A properly selected care is the beauty and health of your hair. After all, the dry type of hair does not fit the means for the fat type, they only aggravate their condition. Therefore, it is important to learn how to properly care for your hair and the result will not take long.
The type of hair depends on your scalp, on its level of release of grease. The natural luster, flexibility, smoothness and protection depend on the secretion of the glands. There are 4 types of hair - normal, dry, oily and mixed. To determine the type of hair of the head is quite simple. For this you need some time to observe the "behavior" of your hair and scalp.
Normal hair type
The owners of this type of hair are very lucky. Due to the temperate activity of the sebaceous glands of the scalp, the appearance of such hair is healthy. It has a natural shine, flexibility, thickness, durability. The hair is flat, the tips do not split, no dandruff and any itching of the head are observed. Hence the infrequent need to wash your hair, about 1-2 times a week. Get fat in a couple of days. After washing a clean shine that is maintained for several days. Such hair is amenable to styling.
Dry hair type
In dry hair, sebum production occurs very slowly, so the hair does not have enough grease. Hair looks thin and strongly fluffed, especially after drying the hair, the shine quickly disappears and it fades, often becomes confused and electrified. The tips of the hair subject to cross-section and breakage. This type of hair should be washed once a week. After washing the head, scalp tightness and itching may occur. Such hair can be styled badly.
Oily hair type
Oily hair has to be washed every 2-3 days, sometimes every day. Such hair quickly becomes greasy and dirty due to the active secretion of the sebaceous glands. After washing, the hair has a natural glow, but in the evening or the next day there appears a greasy shine. Such hair is not distinguished by pomp and volume, and their absence is possible. But the tips of this type of hair are less susceptible to cross-section and electrification. But the laying does not last long.
Mixed hair type is most often found among owners of long hair and is acquired. The roots are rather greasy, and the tips are, on the contrary, dry due to the lack of grease. Pomp may be at the tips of the hair. Such hair has to be washed every 2-4 days, get fat for about 2-3 days. After washing the shine is visible along the entire length of the hair web, at the tips it is less. But after three days at the roots appears greasy shine, and at the tips is completely absent.
Now you know how to determine your type of hair of the head and feel free to choose the means to care for them and not be afraid that they will not suit you.
How to determine the type of hair
Hair, like skin, may actually have many individual characteristics: straight hair will not necessarily be thin, and curly - not necessarily thick. Nevertheless, the universal parameters, which should be oriented, are easily determined: density, texture and porosity can be set by conducting several simple experiments at home. In the end, the hair can be attributed to one of the four types within which there are subtypes - and each of them requires special care.
A popular indicator of hair type is their oiliness, which actually refers to the characteristics of the scalp. And with oily scalp hair can be dry or dehydrated: start with proper care of the scalp, and further beauty routine should be regulated, paying attention to the behavior of the main length. To understand how thick your hair is, separate one strand and look at the roots: it is more convenient to do this operation with the strand at the parting itself. If the hair per square centimeter is not too much, so that the skin is visible - the density of the hair is low or medium, and if the gaps are barely noticeable, then the hair is thick. For very thick hair, normal loss will be higher - simply because they change more often, and the “hair fall” is more noticeable. Also on different parts of the scalp hair thickness may vary.
In order to determine the texture and porosity, you should wash your hair using ordinary shampoo and conditioner, and then let it dry without using a hair dryer: during the styling process, the hair structure may change slightly, which will affect the purity of the experiment. To determine the thickness of the hair, the easiest way to compare it with a regular sewing thread is to place one hair next to it on a piece of white paper. There will be a noticeable difference in diameter between the thin hair and the thread. Thick hair has a noticeable stiffness, holds its shape better and can be noticeably larger in diameter than the thread. In order to choose the right products, it is also important to know what the porosity of your hair is. Determine it by dropping one dry hair into a volume bowl or bowl: hair with low porosity will remain on the surface of the water, and the higher the porosity, the faster it will go to the bottom.
To understand how elastic your hair is, take one hair by both ends and stretch it in different directions: brittle hair is easily torn just by the force of the impact, and the elastic ones will stretch to the last. To make sure, conduct this experiment on both wet and dry hair - any hair becomes more fragile due to moisture. Another feature that you can navigate when choosing the right hairbrush, styling products and methods of care - this is a twisting pattern. Look at the naturally dried strand: straight hair of the first type does not curl and does not change shape, the second type is obedient S-shaped waves, the third is distinctly curly hard hair, and the fourth is zigzag "springs" found in people of African descent.
4 types of hair: how to define your own and apply the right care
Men can tell about women's hair differently, artistically and poetically: a cloud, a sun, a wind, a shine, a waterfall ... Women themselves treat their hairstyles very practical, distinguishing their thickness, thickness of individual hairs, and their tendency to curliness. But most often they seek to find out their hair type, which depends on the work of the sebaceous glands on the head, heredity and external influence.
Everyone should know their hair type in order to properly care for them.
Test to properly determine the type of hair
To determine the type of hair, you can use a special test. It is a list of questions and answers:
The answers are not always strictly correspond to one column, subjective errors about their own appearance may influence here. But the percentage of error is present in any test, the result is accepted by the majority of the corresponding answers.
The reason for dry hair can be both the physiological characteristics of the body and external factors. This condition results in reduced activity of the sebaceous glands of the scalp. The lack of natural grease along the entire length of the strands makes them brittle, dull, inelastic. Often the problem occurs with age, especially when the state of health is unsatisfactory.
Dry strands may appear as a result of improper care. Hair is very sensitive to the effects of cosmetics and atmospheric agents. Their protective layer is destroyed due to frequent dyeing, thermal and chemical curling, blow-drying, the use of styling products. Constant exposure to sunlight, chlorinated water, and sudden changes in external temperatures are also harmful.
Dry hair is very thin, brittle, often reminiscent of artificial. They badly comb, hardly keep within, quickly get confused and split at the ends. Scalp and irritation at the same time. Dry dandruff appears, which can be found during combing: it settles on clothes in the form of light scales. If you properly care for dry hair, you can normalize their condition.
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The reason for the fat content lies in the development of excessive amounts of fat by the subcutaneous glands. The activity of fat cells increases due to problems in the body or as a result of exposure to any factors from the outside. Most often the problem occurs in adolescence and during pregnancy, when a surge of hormones occurs. Increased functioning of the sebaceous glands can also cause diseases of the nervous system, taking certain medications, excessive physical activity.
The amount of sebum produced is directly dependent on nutrition. The inclusion of an unlimited amount of carbohydrate and fat-rich foods in the diet greatly aggravates the problem. The condition of the curls may deteriorate with frequent use of styling products and the use of inappropriate cosmetics.
Oily hair - unkempt and heavy looking. They do not hold the basal volume and hang ugly greasy strands the next day after washing. At the same time, the scalp is covered with excess fat, there may be oily dandruff - yellowish crusts that cause itching. Without proper care, greasy hair looks messy.
Normal and Combined Type
Normal hair - healthy, fresh and well-groomed in appearance. They are rather thick, elastic, have a healthy shine and shimmer beautifully in the sun. The scalp is moderately oily, does not peel off and is not irritated, there is no dandruff on it. These qualities retain the normal hair type for several days after washing.
Properly caring for normal hair, you can permanently maintain their perfect condition. They do not require complex care. Normal hair can be easily combed when dry and wet. Even with frequent perm, they do not break, quickly restore the original look and can be styled in any hairstyle.
The roots of the combined (mixed) type hair quickly become greasy, while their ends remain dry. This is due to the uneven lubrication of the strands produced by the fat. The problem may occur as a result of prolonged exposure to the sun, frequent hot styling, exposure to chemical agents. In this case, a combined care with the use of various means.
Hair Type Test
Determine your own hair type at home in several ways. Before the test, wash your head with familiar shampoo without using an air conditioner, then dry the strands. Take a thin paper napkin (parchment paper will do). Attach it to the scalp behind the ears and on top of the head. If you have oily hair, you will find oil marks on the paper. With normal or dry wipe will remain clean.
To more accurately determine the type of your curls, evaluate the following statements. If you select 4 or more items, your hair is suitable for this type.
You have dry hair if:
- they require washing every 6-7 days,
- their tips split and break,
- they don't have shine
- after washing the head there is a feeling of tightness of the skin,
- after drying the hair, the hairs become brittle,
- often electrify
- poorly amenable to any styling.
Your fat type of curls, if:
- on day 2 after washing look untidy,
- the tips barely split,
- quickly gain unhealthy shine
- after washing the head there is no feeling of skin tightness,
- after drying with a hair dryer, they retain their normal condition,
- don't electrify
- Well amenable to stacking, but only for a short time.
You are the owner of normal hair if:
- they become greasy on day 3 after washing,
- the tips split rarely, may be dry,
- have a beautiful shine within 3 days after washing,
- feeling of tightness of the scalp is rare,
- after drying, the hair dryer becomes pleasant to the touch, fluffy,
- can sometimes electrify
- perfectly amenable to any styling.
Your hair belongs to the combined type, if:
- become fatty on day 4,
- have split dry ends,
- on day 3 after washing, they get a shine at the roots and lose their luster on the tips,
- very rarely there is a feeling of tightness of the scalp,
- after drying with a hair dryer, the tips can be poured,
- the ends are often electrified,
- only amenable to basal styling.
Properly taking care of your hair, you can maintain their beautiful appearance, and if necessary, normalize their condition.
How to care for each type?
- Wash normal hair with an appropriate shampoo no more than 3 times a week. Every 2 weeks, use masks (better cooked at home). It is not contraindicated to do various procedures in hairdressing salons.
- Fatty wash daily (possible 1 time in 2 days). Choose a soft natural shampoo. Every 2 weeks wash your hair with deep cleanser. Do not get carried away with masks: it is enough to do them once a week. Pay attention to your food. Limit the consumption of fatty, farinaceous, spicy foods as much as possible, consume a sufficient amount of water.
- Dry wash no more than 1 time in 6 days. Use a silicone-free moisturizing shampoo. Regularly use products to care for dry hair that does not require rinsing, as well as self-made masks. Do not dye your hair and do not perm with the help of chemicals. Use only a wooden comb. Once a month, trim split ends.
- Combination hair should be washed twice a week using normal or mixed hair shampoo. Use moderately conditioners, balms and masks. After washing, rinse your head with herbal decoction (chamomile, sage, nettle). For the roots, prepare products that include honey, aloe, healing herbs, moisten the tips with vegetable oils (almond, burdock, olive), special indelible balms and regularly trim.
Determining the type of hair is the first step towards maintaining their beautiful and healthy state. Any hair can look great if you give it proper attention. To curls remained thick, soft, silky, had a rich color and natural shine, do not neglect the recommendations for care.
The formation of the hair type is directly affected by the condition of the scalp and the activity of the sebaceous glands. This means that with dry scalp, the strands, respectively, will also be dry. The same applies to oily skin.
By generally accepted standards distinguish 4 types of hair. Identify your category in 1-2 days is impossible, for this you will need some time. However, if the desire is great, you can do the simplest test:
- The day before the test, wash the strands with shampoo and rinse without using the balms and masks.
- Taking a strip of parchment paper (a paper napkin will do), attach it to the strands behind the ears or on top of it.
- If the paper is stained - it means you have oily hair, if there are no traces - normal or dry.
This test will not be able to identify the combined type, and its results can not be 100% true, so it is better to draw conclusions based on the distinctive features that characterize different hair types.
If you want to improve the condition of your hair, special attention should be paid to shampoos that you use.
A frightening figure - in 97% of shampoos of famous brands are substances that poison our body. The main components, due to which all the troubles on the labels are designated as sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium laureth sulfate, coco sulfate. These chemicals destroy the structure of the hair, the hair becomes brittle, lose elasticity and strength, the color fades. But the worst thing is that this stuff gets into the liver, heart, lungs, accumulates in the organs and can cause cancer.
We advise you to abandon the use of funds in which these substances are located. Recently, experts of our editorial staff conducted an analysis of sulfate-free shampoos, where the first place was taken by funds from the company Mulsan Cosmetic. The only manufacturer of all-natural cosmetics. All products are manufactured under strict quality control and certification systems.
We recommend to visit the official online store mulsan.ru. If you doubt the naturalness of your cosmetics, check the expiration date, it should not exceed one year of storage.
If the hair 3-4 days after the water treatments remain clean and maintain a healthy shine, they can be safely attributed to the normal type. This category is considered the most successful, strands are not confused, easy to comb through, the ends of them practically do not split. Care for normal hair does not require super efforts, they are obedient and easy to control. Hairstyles from such hair are long-term, and the scalp is not prone to dandruff and irritation.
Normal hair is easily distinguished by its strength, elasticity and natural shine. They shimmer beautifully in the sun and most often adorn the heads of young and healthy people.
Normal curls do not need a special care system, but this does not mean that you do not need to care for them at all. Cosmetic preparations and shampoo should be selected with the appropriate mark, and to maintain health, make various kinds of masks and indulge with vitamins.
If the strands quickly become soiled and become greasy - then you are the owner of greasy hair. This is due to the enhanced activity of the sebaceous glands of the scalp. This can be laid at the genetic level, and can be caused by hormonal disorders or improper diet (excessive consumption of high-calorie foods).
Oily hair produces a dull shine, greasy hair roots and an unpresentable look (bonding, lack of fluffiness, "icicles") on the second day after washing.
Curls of this type are elastic and usually thick, difficult to transform into a hairstyle and are prone to oily dandruff. Their advantage is that they very rarely split and practically do not break.
Oily hair care is quite problematic and requires comprehensive measures. Both special care products and homemade recipes should be taken into service. Try to also review your diet.
The complex of measures for the care of oily hair suggests:
- Use when washing the head water of medium temperature. Ideally, it should be a little cool.
- Regular rinsing with grass decoctions to eliminate excess fat.
- Selection of special shampoos marked "for oily hair" and with extracts of seaweed, nettle, horsetail, sage, and coltsfoot.
- The use of cosmetics containing vitamins A, C, K, proteins, zinc.
- Moderate intake of salty, spicy and spicy foods, animal fats and carbohydrates.
Such hair is not recommended to be styled with a hair dryer and often worn loose, you should also refuse the services of massage brushes - all this increases the activity of the sebaceous glands.
Hair of this type does not accumulate fat and is polluted only after 5-7 days after washing. However, their owners often feel unpleasant dryness and tightness of the skin, suffer from itching and irritation.
- have a dull shine
- susceptible to breakage, tangle and flaking,
- hard to comb and tear,
- often split,
- covered with fine dry dandruff.
Like other hair types, dry strands need special care, otherwise they will look very unpresentable. External aggressions can also contribute to this:
- frequent painting,
- tight weaving and hairstyles
- winds, frost.
Dry hair is the most capricious in the care and need cream or oil shampoos, rich in vitamins and herbal extracts. You should carefully choose and balms (with a special mark), sprays (to facilitate scratching), a mask (with an indelible structure).
The list of mandatory procedures includes rinsing with herbs decoction, application of nourishing masks, wraps with oils. For staining try to use drugs without ammonia or natural dyes. Protect the hair from strong winds, frost and scorching sunlight.
To make dry hair look well-groomed and healthy, regularly supply it extra power. These can be vitamins (ingestion) or nutritional masks. Apply the last before washing, treating the entire length of the composition and keeping for at least 30 minutes. The head must be covered.
Mixed or combined
Mixed type, as a rule, have long-haired ladies. These strands are oily (or normal) at the roots and dry at the ends. Such heterogeneity results from the uneven distribution of fat over the entire length. The tips are practically not supplied with power and are dried (often split), additionally suffering from external influences.
Care of the combined head of hair should include sessions to restore damaged tips with simultaneous degreasing of the roots.
In addition, do not forget to perform the following actions:
- Use shampoos designed for combination hair.
- Add sal ammoniac or glycerin to the water for washing the head - this will save the tips from drying.
- When using a hair dryer, ironing and so on. use thermoprotectants.
- Try to dry your hair naturally and never comb it wet.
- Once in 2 months, get rid of split ends.
- Teach curls to infrequent washing.
- Do not forget to process the ends of hair with nourishing masks, balms, herbal decoctions.
Features care for different types of hair
So, what should be the care for different types of hair?
Consider this question in general terms:
- Normal hair should be washed no more than three times a week, always using care products. In this case, you can not limit yourself in chemical procedures and the use of thermometers.
- Oily hair should be washed every 2-3 days using a mild shampoo. Balms and masks are allowed, but not often. You should also review your diet.
- Dry hair. Perform water treatments no more than once a week, using a silicone-free moisturizing shampoo. Before washing the head, it is recommended to make homemade moisturizing masks. Do not forget to periodically cut split ends.
- Combined hair try to wash no more and at least twice a week. Apply masks and balms only on the tips, but do not process the roots often - once in a while.
Now you know how to determine the type of hair and how to care for them. Remember that the health of your hair depends on proper care.
Fat type depends on the scalp
The work of the sebaceous glands is very important for hair and scalp. Sebum has a complex composition: fatty acids, hormones, proteins and other components. It has a lot of important functions:
- Creating a thin protective film to combat the pathological processes associated with harmful microorganisms.
- Limiting moisture loss.
- Reducing friction and increasing elasticity.
Oily hair is characterized by increased sebaceous glands. The glands are sensitive to unbalanced nutrition, stress. A lot of fat is released during hair loss to protect the hair bulb.
How to determine the dry hair type at home
This type is characterized by reduced work of the sebaceous glands. Lack of fat is detrimental to the surface of the head and hair, they become:
The appearance of the strands loses its natural luster. After washing, a feeling of tightness, dryness, irritation, itching, and dandruff appears on the scalp. Natural tendency is often complicated with age, when using a hair dryer, tongs, rods, rectifiers, with a negative environmental impact: sea salt, sunlight, temperature drops. And dyeing and chemical perm can kill even healthy hair.
Determine your type of curls
How to determine the type of sure many girls know. It depends a lot on the skin. No special type determination tests are required.
Just watch the state of the hair after washing it.:
- if after the procedure your curls become unattractive and lose their freshness already on
the second day, here it is definitely a question of oily skin. Here specific care is applied,
- for a normal view, the parameters are slightly different. Hair should be kept clean for up to four days. If the test is not passed, then they are characterized by another type
- There are cases when the hairstyle looks quite clean even during the week. But the hairs become brittle and lose elasticity. If in this description you recognize yourself, then you are the owner of dry hair. The test clearly shows that your hair needs extra moisture,
- if the roots become dirty literally on the second day, becoming covered with a greasy luster, and the tips, on the contrary, are too dry and brittle, then the test shows a mixed type. It is difficult to care for him, because you need special combined means.
Applying such an easy test, you can accurately determine the characteristics of the hair. And the experiences of finding out what type you have will be gone forever. In addition, you can give practical advice to friends who still do not know how to determine their types of strands.
Remember that the characteristics of the curls may change under the influence of certain factors. For example, the structure and types of hair largely reflect the genetics of a person. If your mother or grandmother had a normal thick hair, then you are likely to inherit this trait.
In addition, changes occur due to hormonal disruptions, nutritional disorders, stress, etc. In order for care to be always correct, it is necessary to closely monitor changes in the body. Usually they always give out either hair or nails. If the condition has changed, then this is a consequence of certain processes in the body.
But do not be upset, because you can make the curls beautiful and healthy in any of the cases. If there are difficulties with the determination, and the test with the washing of the head does not help, it is better to contact a professional - a trichologist.
It will help you to know the peculiarities of the skin and hair shelter, select the good products with which the care will be effective.
How to care for oily hair
This headache causes quite unpleasant feelings. The head needs to be washed daily, otherwise a feeling of fatness appears and the curls look unattractive. Their pomp disappears, the volume drops. These unpleasant moments, of course, upset. If the test showed that you are the owner of this type of hair, then you should not be upset ahead of time. Competent care will fix the situation.
The first thing to do is to stop eating fatty foods. It is also desirable to undergo a comprehensive examination. In addition, you can reduce the frequency of washing up to three times a week.
Curls will get used and in a month will begin to pollute more slowly. But this option is not suitable for everyone, because oily hair does not look very attractive. Specialized shampoos designed specifically for your hair type will compete for attractiveness!
Prefer well-known brands and firms: Schwarzkopf, "L'Oreal", "Estelle" etc., which gained popularity and customer confidence. For daily use, use gentle shampoos, which include in their composition nourishing oils.
Wash your head with warm water, but not hot. It can hurt. It is very useful after cleansing the scalp to rinse the curls with a decoction of herbs, nettle, sage, coltsfoot for dark hair, chamomile for light hair.
Rules for the care of dry curls
Dry hair is very insidious. First, they are pleased with the long freshness and beauty, and then sharply become brittle, dull, lose elasticity. The ends quickly split, there is a fine dandruff, it is felt to tighten and dry the skin on the head.
The definition of this type of hair coat speaks for itself. This means that the hair lacks moisture and fat, which are released from the epidermis. The reason for this, as a rule, is incorrect nutrition. The body does not receive all the necessary nutrients and ceases to function normally. Such failures are reflected in the state of the hair.
To find out the true cause, watch for yourself or consult a specialist. He will help to understand the types and care of curls, prescribe a balanced set of vitamins.
You should also abandon painting and curling, which are a strong damaging factor. It is better not to use hair dryers, curling irons, irons, hot curlers until the hair structure is restored.
You can get additional recommendations from a hairdresser or a dermatologist.
As the experience of many women shows, their curls noticeably prettier after following all the recommendations of the professionals. The use of special masks, oil wraps, the use of oil with a dispenser for moisturizing - will certainly have a positive effect.
Remember that the sun and frost also have a negative impact. This applies not only to this type, but also affects other types of hair.
Normal and mixed types: nutrition and care
The very definition of a ridiculous type is based on a combination of increased fat content at the roots and dryness of the tips. The reason may be that the ends are often subjected to heat treatment with curling irons and irons. But at the same time, the scalp gives off a lot of secrets, so a dirty gloss appears on the roots. It may also be in the amount of strands. If their length is large, then the secret does not have time to completely distribute and accumulates at the base.
Care for such curls is quite difficult.
They need to be washed no more than three times a week, but do not forget to moisten the ends with oils or balsams. The ideal option would be the usual shampoo, but with the mandatory application of a moisturizing conditioner or balm.
Popular and become folk remedies. For degreasing the root is well suited kefir mask. Apply for 20-30 minutes, covered with a film and a towel, then washed off. But after applying it you need to take care of the tips, saturating them with moisture using olive and almond oils.
You can find out what other means to use for the beauty of your hair from a hairdresser or a trichologist.
The characteristic of normal species is based on the fact that they do not need as much attention as in other cases. If you define your appearance as normal, then you are very lucky. Special expensive means to use optional. But do not forget about prevention. Regularly apply masks, adhere to a healthy lifestyle, which consists of a proper diet, sports, walking in the fresh air, good sleep.
And then not only your hair will become more beautiful, but also the state of the body as a whole will improve!
Features of hair types and proper care
The type of hair is determined by the type of scalp. Depending on this, hairs are normal, dry, oily, mixed (with oily roots and dry tips). In addition, they can be thin, thick, soft, tough, straight, curly, exhausted or healthy.
Sometimes over time, depending on many factors (weather conditions, age and hormonal changes, woman's well-being, methods of care), the type of hair can change. To determine your need to know the characteristics of all types of hair and your skin type.